Saint Ved Vyas relating the Bhagwatam to Shukdeo (3100 B.C.)

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(38) F. E. Pargiter (1852-1927).

I.C.S. (Indian Civil Service), High Court Judge, Calcutta.
Retired 1906, Vice President of the Asiatic Society, London.

Pargiter writes that:

“Ancient Indian Historical Tradition.”

  • The whole of the Sanskrit literature has no historical works. (Chapter 1, page 2)

  • Aryans established themselves in India through long warfare. (1/3)

  • Vedic literature does not give any information who compiled them… No trust can be placed in the Vedic literature as regards any matter which the brahmans found. (1/9,10)

  • The original brahmans were not so much priests… they were wizards… (26/308)

  • These statements of yugas and manvantar are generally worthless for chronological purposes. (15/178)

  • Chandragupt began to reign in or about 322 BC. He was preceded by the Nine Nandas… The reign of Nandas would be 80 years. (15/179)

  • From the Bharat battle to the Mahapadm (Nand) there were 37 Magadh kings… the total of all of their reigns (according to Puran) is (940 + 138 + 330) = 1,408 years. These figures cannot be relied upon. (These figures according to the Bhagwatam are 1,000 + 138 + 360 = 1,498 years.)

  • The reign of Mahapadm (Nand) began in 402 BC (322 + 80) by overthrowing the last king of Shishunag dynasty.

  • From the 7th king of Brihadrath dynasty and up to the last king of Shishunag dynasty, the reigning period was 448 years; and from the 1st to 6th king of Brihadrath dynasty (the first dynasty after Mahabharat war), the reigning period was 100 years.

  • Thus (402 + 448 + 100) 950 BC is the date of Mahabharat battle. (15/179 to 182)

“The Purana Text of the Dynasties of the Kali Age.”

  • The Puranas were originally in prakrit (local) language. What we have now is the Sanskritized version of older prakrit shlokas.

  • The Bhavishya Puran existed in the 3rd century AD and Matsya Puran borrowed what the Bhavishya contained before the Gupt era (320 AD). Then Vayu, Brahmand and Vishnu Puran were compiled accordingly.

  • The brahmans fabricated the passages, and the later readers of the Puranas further fabricated the details of the text.

  • The brahmans converted prakrit words of the Puranas into Sanskrit and substituted future tense for past tenses… and altered them to the form of a prophecy uttered by Ved Vyas.
    (Intro/10 to 27)

Comments. Every Hindu, who has some understanding about the Bhagwatam and the Gita, knows that all of the Vedas and the Puranas were written by the descended Divine Personality Ved Vyas in Sanskrit language, and Mahabharat war had happened before kaliyug started. Also, every educated person who has consulted the yearly Kashi Hindu Vishvavidyalaya calendar, called the Panchang, which is a reputed calendar of India, knows that over 5,000 years have passed since kaliyug started because the calendar itself gives the exact year of the start of kaliyug which comes to 3102 BC.

Accordingly, the Mahabharat war had happened in 3139 BC. But Pargiter brings the date of Mahabharat war down to 950 BC, kills our historic years right away by 2,189 years and again says that the Puranas were written in local (prakrit or Pali) language around the third century AD by the brahmans who further fabricated and expanded them. If one has a regard for Hindu religion, could he tolerate to hear or read such falsehoods? Yet, the writer of these lines is called a great historian.

Even the topmost critic of the Vedic religion, Max Müller, has not written such a thing that the Puranas were written in local language which Mr. Pargiter fabricated from his judicial brain. These are such blunders that instantly reveal the motivation of the writer and without any further evidence they tell that he was doing it on purpose. As he was already in the service of the British government, it is obviously evident that he was working on their instructions, and as such, to mutilate the history and the Vedic culture, he was trying new ways to distort our historic dates and to abuse the Sages and the Sanskrit literature in order to please his superiors.

Take the example of the Mahabharat war: 3139 BC is the date that is recognized by all of the acharyas, Jagadgurus and the Divine Masters. But, Pargiter, rejecting all those evidences, assumes a date 950 BC in his mind and, squeezing the reigning period of all the dynasties that ruled Magadh, he just terminates 2,189 years out of his free will and says that Mahabharat war happened in 950 BC.

The Bhagwatam says that the four dynasties, 21 kings of Brihadrath, 5 of Pradyot, 10 of Shishunag and Mahapadm Nand Family ruled for 1,598 years (1,000 + 138 + 360 + 100). So, 3139 BC (-) 1,598 years of the total reign of four dynasties comes to 1541 BC, which was the coronation year of Chandragupt Maurya who succeeded after Mahapadm Nand.

Instead of 1541 BC, Pargiter took 322 BC for Chandragupt Maurya because it was stated by Sir William Jones, and thus, terminated 1,219 years in one shot. Then he reduced 970 years more from the total reigning period of the four dynasties (1,000 + 138 + 360 + 100 = 1,598). He took only 628 years instead of 1,598 years, and thus, fabricated a round figure of (322 BC + 628) 950 years BC.

It is quite amusing how he arrived at the 628 year figure. Pargiter gave 80 years to Mahapadm and his sons, the last of the four dynasties. Then he gave 448 years to the 31 kings of the first three dynasties (at the rate of 14.45 years per king), starting from Sanjit, the seventh king of the Brihadrath dynasty, and up to the last king of Shishunag dynasty. Then he gave the remaining 100 years to the first 6 kings of Brihadrath dynasty which were left out. Thus, he completed the figure of 628 years; 80 + 448 + 100 = 628. (He counted 22 kings of Brihadrath dynasty, 5 of Pradyot and 10 of Shishunag dynasty.)

Showing his intellectual skills, he gives an extensive argument telling that the reigning period of the kings according to the Puranas seemed too long to him so he reduced them. Isn’t it ridiculous, that the reigning period of our historical kings is at the mercy of Pargiter which he may reduce at any time according to his whim. To be more practical, why didn’t he argue with his Queen Victoria to resign immediately from her Queenship as she was already over-reigning? (Pargiter was in the judicial services during the period of Queen Victoria who reigned for 64 years.)

Thus, it is evident that the writings of F. E. Pargiter were also the exploitations of British diplomacy.


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