Creation of the universe as in the Upnishads & modern Physics
Aim of creation.
The aim of creation is to give a chance to all the
souls to become human beings and then to realize God Who is absolute
Bliss. They can realize God by doing absolute good actions and
surrendering to Him. Souls are unlimited in number and are in an
infinitesimal ‘life’ form, having a subtle mind of their own. When they
receive human body during the creation they do good or bad actions
according to the discrimination of their own mind. The record of these
actions, called the sanskars or the karmas, are stored in a
section of the mind. The consequences of these karmas have to be
fructified otherwise there would be no meaning of classifying them as good
or bad, and they do fructify. Thus, these collective karmas are
like a subtle semi-dormant ‘force’ which reside in the mind of every soul
and become the cause of its next incarnation; and the force of the
collective karmas of all the unlimited souls works as one of the
causal forces to create and maintain the universe.
Duration of creation.
The duration of the existence of the universe is
countless but not unlimited. It goes on perpetually in a cyclic motion,
like the creation state, and then no-creation state. In the no-creation
state (called maha pralaya) the creative energies and the forces
remain in an absolutely subtle and dormant state, and in the creation
state they evolve in the form of the universe as we see it today. There
was no beginning of this ‘cycle of creation and maha pralaya.’ It
Powers involved in the creation.
God inspires the power maya (the cosmic power in
its absolute subtle form) which evolves itself into the form of the
universe and the souls begin to reside in the universe in living form.
Thus there are three entities involved in the creation of the universe.
They are: God, all the souls, and the lifeless maya. God is
almighty and absolute-life-knowledge-Bliss. He is omnipresent in His
Divine personal form and has uncountable absolute virtues. Just like, He
is all-Gracious, all-beautiful, all-loving, all-charming, all-knowing,
all-kind and all-forgiving to whoever takes refuge in Him. Maya
(the cosmic power) is a lifeless miraculous energy or power. It has
three characteristics or qualities called sattvagun, tamogun and
rajogun (pious, evil and selfish; pretty, ugly and normal; and
positive, negative and neutral) that appear in every part of its creation.
Souls, in the universe, are unlimited and are infinitesimal.
Lifelessness of maya, and the life aspect of a soul.
Maya is lifeless, so it is also mindless. Life and
mind complement each other. A living being cannot be without a mind and
the mind aspect can never exist on its own. So both stay together, never
alone or separately. Here ‘life’ means the living aspect of a being, like
a toad has life not a pebble although they may look alike.
Forces that keep the universe running.
There are two forces that keep the universe running
continuously. They are ‘time’ (called the kal) and ‘karm’
(the accumulative force of the accumulated karmas of all the
unlimited souls, as described above).
Time (kal) factor is not just the elapsed
period that we count according to the calendar. Time (kal) is an
eternal energy like maya which is a strong force that starts the
manifestation of the mayic attributes (which gradually become the
universe), and then it keeps the universe moving forward until maha
pralaya. The time, that we calculate as the age of something or the
passing period of an ongoing event, is the calculation of the aging
process of something, or it is a point of determining the past, present or
future. It is like a parameter that gives you an understanding of the
period that elapsed or it helps you keep the record of an event of past,
present or future. But the ‘force of time’ that pushes the universe to
move forward is an ‘eternal energy’ that exists side by side with maya.
Procedure of the creation of the universe.
All the three: souls along with their karmas,
maya, and kal (time), stay in God in an absolutely subtle form
and in an absolutely dormant state during maha pralaya. They are
activated by the will of God. After certain subtle phases of evolution the
first thing that comes into being is the endless empty space.
There are seven phases of extremely subtle
manifestations of maya that had already happened before the ‘space’
came into being. (1) Space was the eighth subtle manifestation
which was, in fact, the first gross manifestation of the energy of maya.
(2) In the endless space, unlimited number of pockets of various sizes
were created. They became the base of uncountable sub-universes. Within
that unimaginably enormous and endless-like looking space, the ninth
phase of maya (called vayu) was evolved which created a
circular movement in the space itself, as if the entire space was in a
circular motion from its central point. (3) Then, all over in that space,
subparticles evenly emerged. This was the tenth phase of mayic
manifestation (agni). (4) Then the subparticles and the particles
annihilated to form hydrogen atoms. This was the eleventh phase of
mayic manifestation (apah). (5) Then gravity began to
predominate and the basic structure of uncountable galaxies and their
clusters (as scientists know) were gradually formed. This was the
twelfth phase. The ‘already existing motion’ in the space now made it
look like the galaxies were moving away from each other. The speed of this
motion of the space varied in different areas of this visible universe but
with a perfectly controlled synchronization. (The topic of creation is
further detailed in “The Divine Vision of Radha Krishn.”)
None of the existing theories so far have been able to
create such a model of the universe that could accommodate all the
features of the known universe. But, this knowledge was already
incorporated in the Bhagwatam that was produced by Bhagwan Ved Vyas before
3102 BC. On the basis of the Bhagwatam, we have described this theory in 7
video speeches on the Brahm Sutra that reconciles all the existing
problems which the scientists face in forming the model of the universe.
The functioning of a planetary system.
The supreme God Who controls the creation and the
functioning of the entire universe is called Maha Vishnu. When the
galaxies begin to assume their normal shape, at that point Maha Vishnu
creates a great number of Divinely celestial spaces in the galaxies and He
enters into those spaces. He then produces one Brahma in each section who
controls the creation of the sun and its planetary system. Thus, in every
planetary system there is one Brahma who is called the creator. Prior to
the creation of the earth planet, Brahma extends the celestial space and
creates celestial abodes of gods and goddesses. One planetary system with
its celestial abodes is called one brahmand. In this way there are
a great number of brahmandas in one galaxy. Celestial abodes are
invisible as they are in a different space (dimension).
Now we know that the formation of a planetary system is
not a coincidental creation of nature as the cosmologists believe, it is a
controlled formation. Souls are already in the universe in their
subtle form, a certain (uncountable) number of souls are transferred to
each planetary system run by its own Brahma, and then, gradually Brahma
produces those souls on the earth planet in their material bodies.
Life on the earth planet.
After the formation of the earth planet, the ozone
layer was formed, oceans began to exist, and the first form of life
appeared on the earth planet. The Upnishad says that first the
How? The soil itself contains the subtle form of the
seeds of all kinds of vegetation, like, grass, plants, shrubs, flowers and
trees of all kinds. Brahma transfers the souls into those seeds and the
first vegetation grows. Afterwards it creates its own seeds. The bodies of
insects etc. are produced as a general procedure of the nature and Brahma
transfers the souls into them. We know that sometimes in the rainy weather
a lot of flying insects are formed in the open space.
Later on, small creatures like fish and birds and then
big creatures like tigers and elephants etc. are produced. At this time,
Brahma produces the souls along with their body.
One thing must be noted here, that souls are eternal
and they must have been living in some form prior to this creation before
pralaya. Thus, it would be highly unjust if the soul of
some human being is by mistake transferred into a worm’s body or a worm’s
soul is transferred into the body of a human being. But you don’t have to
worry, because Brahma is Graced with the Divine intelligence so he never
makes such mistakes.
He produces all the souls exactly according to their
previous status: grass becomes a grass, frog becomes a frog, lion
becomes a lion, human becomes a human, and so on. So, Brahma produces the
first pair of all the creatures big and small on the earth planet.
Afterwards they multiply themselves.
One should not think that how did the animals just
appear on the earth planet, or that there may be some kind of evolution
process involved in that. The impracticality of the theory of evolution
has already been discussed. The most significant thing is this, that when
a Divine personality Brahma who is so powerful, that he creates the whole
brahmand, maintains the entire planetary system, and remembers the
identity of each and every living being of the earth planet from each and
every bacteria to an elephant and all the human beings as well, then there
is no reason that he can’t create the bodies of the animals. So he does,
and thus, the first creation of the animal world was done by Brahma.