(50) History of the uninterrupted Ganges valley civilization of India for 1,900
million years according to the Bhagwatam.
Taking into account the formation of the ozone layer
and the development of the atmosphere on the earth planet (after the
previous pralaya), it must have been around 1,900 million years ago
when the human civilization started.
Shukdeo says that in this kalp (day) of Brahma,
Swayambhuva etc., six manvantars have already elapsed. The seventh
one is running.
Swayambhuv was the first Manu of this kalp. His
wife was Shatroopa. They had two sons and three daughters. In the family
succession of the first son, Priyavrat, Rishabhdev, Bharat,
Jadbharat and Prahlad are the most important ones. Dhruv was from his
other son Uttanpad, and Bhagwan Kapil was from his daughter
Deohooti who was married to Sage Kardam.
Much later in the generation of Dhruv, in the sixth
manvantar, the greatness of King Prithu and Prachetas is notable. The
descriptions of these family successions and generations run from the
fourth to the ninth canto of the Bhagwatam. They describe just the
important events of that manvantar that teach a devotional moral
and propound the Gracious kindness of God that are helpful for a seeker of
God’s love in strengthening his faith and improving his dedication for
The second manu was Swarochish, the third was
Uttam, the fourth was Tamas, the fifth was Raivat and the sixth was
Chakchush. The seventh one is Vaivaswat Manu, the present one. There is
also a brief description of the future seven manus in the eighth
canto of the Bhagwatam. In all of the Puranas similar descriptions are
found with less or more reflections of these events. Sometimes certain
events do not mention the name of the manvantar in which it had
happened because it is all the happening of a single day of Brahma,
and moreover, the motive of their description is to induce faith and
dedication in a God seeker’s mind, not to satisfy the intellectual thirst
of a worldly historian. However, the chronology of time since the birth of
Brahma is perfectly maintained and that very fact is enough to believe
that our scriptures are Divinely produced.
History of the present manvantar of Vaivaswat Manu that started
about 120 million years ago and up to 3072 BC.
Vaivaswat Manu had ten sons and one daughter (Bhag.
8/13/1-3 and 9/1/11,12,16). The eldest son was Ikchvaku. Kaushal (Ayodhya)
was the kingdom of Ikchvaku dynasty. A main branch of this family
succession was called ‘Surya Vansh.’ His daughter’s name was Ela
who gave birth to a son named Pururva from the celestial god Budh, the son
of Som or Chandra Deo (Bhag. 9/1/35). Later on this family was
called ‘Som Vansh or Chandra Vansh.’ Bhakt Ambarish was the grandson of
Nabhag who was the son of Vaivaswat Manu.
In the family succession of Ikchvaku, Mandhata,
Satyavrat (Trishanku), Harish Chandra and his son Rohit, Sagar, Aushuman,
Dileep and Bhagirath, who brought Ganga on the earth planet, are notable;
and also Khatwang who realized God in only 45 minutes before his death. Khatwang’s son Raghu, his son Aj and his son Dashrath; his son
Ram, and Lav and Kush, are the main Divine personalities who really
established the greatness of Surya Vansh in the world.
The family succession of Lav and Kush runs up to the
Mahabharat war when Brihadbal was killed by Abhimanyu. This family
succession goes further up to Sumitra where the Ikchvaku
succession ends. (It’s all described in the ninth canto of the
In the distant family succession of Pururva,
there is a description of Maharishi Jamdagni whose son Parashuram
killed Sahasrabahu Arjun of Haihai family. There is also an account of
Sage Shaunak and Yayati of Nahush family.
In the Chandra Vansh family succession, the
important personalities are, Dushyant, his son Bharat, and Bharadwaj. In
the lineage of Bharadwaj, King Hasti established Hastinapur. His son
Ajmeedh had many sons. In one of his son’s family succession were Drupad,
Dropadi and Dhristdyumn; and in the other son’s family succession Kuru was
important who lived in Kurukchetra. Kuru had four sons.
From here, the family succession of Kuru branches out
in two very important sections. In the fifth generation of his son
Sudhanva was Brihadrath who established the kingdom of Magadh. His
son Jarasandh was killed in Mahabharat war by Bheemsen. In the twelfth
generation of his other son Jahnu was Shantanu who was the King of
Shantanu had three sons. Bhishm from Ganga (he always
remained single) and Chitrangad and Vichitravirya from Satyavati, who was
also the godmother of Bhagwan Ved Vyas. Chitrangad had no child and
Vichitravirya died at an early age. So, on the request of Queen Satyavati,
Ved Vyas Divinely caused both wives to conceive just by sight. They gave
birth to Pandu who had five sons called the Pandavas, and Dhritrashtra who
had hundred sons called the Kauravas (the eldest of whom was Duryodhan).
They fought the Mahabharat war.
After winning the Mahabharat war, Yudhishthir, the
elder brother of the Pandavas, ruled Hastinapur for 36 years and 8 months,
and after the ascension of Bhagwan Krishn to His Divine abode, the
Pandavas also travelled to the north and left their body in the Himalayas.
Kaliyug started immediately after the ascension of Krishn (Bhag.
12/2/33) in 3102 BC.
Parikchit the grandson of Arjun became the king, who,
after the 30th year of his reign (in 3072 BC), left this world after
listening to the Bhagwatam. His son was Janmejaya. The dynasty of
Chandra Vansh ended with Chemak and then other dynasties ruled Hastinapur.
The kingdom of Magadh remained in power up to the end
of Gupt dynasty (83 BC). In the family succession of Brihadrath,
Marjari (the grandson of Jarasandh) became the king of Magadh after the
Mahabharat war in 3139 BC.