(3) The latest reproduction of the
Vedas, Upnishads, grammar, and the Puranas
was about 5,000 years ago by Bhagwan Ved Vyas.
The Vedas have three sections: (1)
mantra or sanhita, (2) brahman and (3) aranyak.
Mantras are the invocative sentences related to the
propitiation of the celestial gods to be used in the fire ceremonies (yagya)
or for general prayer. There are also some parts in the mantra
section that relate to supreme God (like the Purush Sookt of the
Rigved (10/90) and the Ishopnishad, the 40th chapter of the Yajurved).
Brahman section describes the details of the actual performance of the
yagyas. Some part of it tells about the description of the worship
of various almighty forms of God. Aranyak is like the final
essence and the knowledge of the Vedas. It tells about God, His devotion
and His supremacy. These are called the Upnishads. There are four
Vedas: Rigved, Yajurved, Samved and Atharvaved. All the four have 1,180
branches. Accordingly there are 1,180 branches of the brahman
section, and there are 1,180 Upnishads also. Only some branches of
mantra and brahman section are available nowadays, but there
are about 200 Upnishads which are still available.
As regards Vedic grammar, it was elaborated and
expanded by quite a few Sages and Rishis and there was another book, the
Nirukt, which explained the meaning of Vedic words. Later on Sage
Panini wrote his grammar called Ashtadhyayi. It has a section called unadi
which explains the formation of the words of Vedic sanhita. Panini,
from a few sounds (like aiun, rilrik etc.) given by God Shiv,
created the entire Sanskrit grammar. These are all Divine happenings on
the material plane and are beyond the limits of material reasonings.
There is no genius in the world who could create a perfect grammar from a
few sounds, and this feature itself is the sure evidence that Sanskrit is
a Divine manifestation on the material plane.
Along with all the sections of the four Vedas, the
Upvedas (the subsidiary Vedas: sociology, science of defense, music and
medicine), and the Vedangas (affiliates of the Vedas), which
include Sanskrit grammar, dictionary and astrology, were also revealed by
Brahma to the Rishis in the very beginning. They were again reproduced by
Ved Vyas about 5,000 years ago. He also produced the Mahabharat. He
dictated and God Ganesh noted it down because it was a huge book and it
needed a Divine mind to write it correctly. He also reproduced the Ramayan
which was originally written by Sage Valmiki 18 million years ago during
the descension period of Bhagwan Ram.
The aim of our scriptures is to guide a soul towards
God realization. Thus, from a worldly person up to a highly evolved soul,
they provide proper information for everyone and designate the form of
devotion to God. It is a general axiom of the Divine world that any person
of any class, kind or nature, if he selflessly surrenders to the supreme
God with loving faith and determination, he receives His Grace; and, with
His Grace, on the complete purification of the heart, the devotee receives
God realization. To establish the greatness of loving devotion to God,
called bhakti, Bhagwan Ram and Krishn descend on the earth planet
from time to time. The pastimes of Bhagwan Ram and Krishn are described in
the Ramayan and the Bhagwatam. Thus, we see that all of our scriptures
from the Vedas upto the Bhagwatam are the Divine manifestations.
The personality of Ved Vyas.
Ved Vyas is one of the twenty-four descensions of God
and every descension of God is absolute and eternal.
However, in the practical life,
most of them had a father and a mother who were Divine personalities.
Accordingly, Ved Vyas was the son of Sage Parashar. He was born like a
grown-up person and immediately he set out to jungles. Soon after that he
started revealing the scriptures. He lived during the time of King
Shantanu, the grandfather of the Pandavas. Krishn Dwaipayan was his first
name and Ved Vyas was the title because he revealed and systematized the
mantras of the Vedas. He was also called Vadrayan because he lived
for some time in the jungles of vadari (jungle of berries) in the
Himalayas near Badrikashram. All of these names are famous in the
scriptures, but for speaking convenience Ved Vyas or Bhagwan Ved Vyas is
commonly used for him.
These are all Divine happenings. For your understanding
you must know that Bhagwan Ved Vyas, who had conceived all of the
scriptures in his Divine mind, systematically revealed them one after
another. First he revealed the Vedas including all 1,180 Upnishads and the
affiliates and subsidiaries, then the 17 Puranas, then 18 Uppuranas etc.,
then the Mahabharat and the Ramayan, and at the end the Bhagwatam which is
called the Maha Puran (the supreme Puran). Ved Vyas taught these
scriptures to his God realized disciples who retained them in their Divine
The significance of the history, religion and the path to God.
A worldly being, drowning in the ocean of hopes and
disappointments and looking for an escape from the miserable world, or
desiring a state of his desired happiness, wants to know only three
things: (a) Out of curiosity he wants to know the history of the past and
he also wants to know if someone has really found perfect happiness in
this world, (b) he wants to know what to do (in terms of following a
religion) to know more about God and (c) if he believes in God he wants to
know what is the true path to God.
All these three knowledges are beyond the limits of
human intelligence: (a) The history of India of billions of years that
includes the history of the Saints also; (b) the true religion that could
specify the social and family rules and the true form of the good deeds to
improve the pious quality of mankind; and (c) the path to God. Thus,
God Himself reveals all these knowledges, because itís only He Who knows
them. As explained earlier He reveals these knowledges through His
eternal Rishis, Sages and other Divine personalities. These Divine
revelations, in general, are called the scriptures. Specifically they are
called, (a) the Puranas which tell the total history of India, (b)
the Vedas (sanhita and brahman) which tell about the
general religion of the human beings as how to become good and do good and
they also tell how to worship celestial gods in order to obtain material
luxuries, and (c) the Upnishads which tell about the path to God.